The contribution of the rural sector to the overall national output of India has been shrinking over the years, due to climate variability and climate change. This is leading to a decline in local production, and increasing urban predominance. In this context, CSTEP is glad to be supported by Rainmatter Foundation to conduct a deep dive into the rural systems and their role in India’s economy.
We have designed a digital survey to examine the reasons behind the declining local production and contributions of the rural economy. Please spare a few moments to complete the survey. It is available here: Microsoft Forms
Afterall, greater participation will lead to fruitful engagements. Thank you
Unveiling migration dynamics: A data-driven scenario
According to our projections of net migration data, some of India’s densely populated and predominantly agrarian states have been witnessing a consistent net migration outflow of rural population over the years.
The heatmaps presented below reflect that in 2012, some of the major agrarian states, such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand, experienced a substantial influx of rural migrants. However, the pattern was reversed in 2019, with such states witnessing an outflow of migrants, possibly owing to a lack of job prospects and growing climate change vulnerabilities.
Gujarat and Karnataka emerge as the focal points in this migratory ebb and flow. Owing to heavy industrial development in Gujarat and burgeoning employment opportunities in Karnataka, the states have been experiencing a consistent inflow of rural migrants.
A comparison of these migration trends highlights the interplay between economic dynamics and population movements. This prompts us to reflect on the evolving nature of employment landscapes and the consequential impact on regional demographics.
More on our Indian States’ level rural migration findings could be read here
My thoughts and observation for the above subject from my Organization point of view -
More than Climate Change ,it is about better job opportunities which can meet the people’s aspirational needs , economic needs are playing a major role for migration as far as my study is concerned where I come from (I feel Climate Change as a problem is a great opportunity to take action /mitigate by involving stakeholders (Farmers ,Community ,Elected Representatives , Govt ,NGOs )
- At present there are different types migration happening from Rural India (from my organization point view where we work )
- Economic Migration - People are migrating to nearby towns and cities for better wages (Agri-Labour )
2.Educated people are migrating for better jobs which matches their education
- Students are migrating for better education where it is difficult to find good colleges /schools in rural areas
We need to design the policies according to local needs/problems (Panchayat Level /Taluk Level) and try to create opportunities accordingly which might be one of the aspects towards Sustainable Development
There are huge problem statements at every village in India ,some might be for Agriculture ,some might be for Climate Change ,Economic Opportunities etc… but how do we look at the problems ,which i say ,there 3 ways to look the problems /opportunities or Rural India
- Through the Eyes of Politician
2.Through the eyes of Bureaucracy /Govt
3.Through the eyes of Entrepreneur /Thinker /Change Maker
I will be happy to discuss ,learn and exchange with anyone about my Organization (Glovill Foundation (Sec8) and as we are approaching the above through the eyes of Entrepreneur
Empowering Local Action for Climate Change
Climate change is a global challenge, but the impact is deeply felt at the local level. It’s time to shift our focus towards grassroots efforts and create change where it matters most – in our communities. Local policies and actions at the Panchayat and Town levels are crucial. Let’s set specific, measurable targets for each community to address climate issues effectively. National and international goals are essential, but true progress begins at home.
This images were taken in my Villege today around 7 pm, you cant find a singe person in the on the streets because
1.Every youth has migrated for good education and jobs to cities.
2.Few elders working in the govt have shifted to nearby towns (which tirupati near to us) for living
3.Only senior citizens stays here
I call this is a Migration of Economic Opportunities